:: Volume 7, Issue 1 (spring 2005) ::
J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci 2005, 7(1): 53-60 Back to browse issues page
The relationship of dietary content of fiber and macronutrients with impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes in first-degree relatives of type II diabetic patients
Badrolmoluk Forghani , Hosin Khosravi * , Mariam Zare , Sasan Haghighi , Masud Amini
, Email:emrc@mui.ac.ir
Abstract:   (15715 Views)
Background and aim: Since bad dietary habits and composition are risk factors for development of diabetes II, this survey was performed to evaluate the dietary content of macronutrients and fiber in the first-degree relatives of type II diabetic patients. Methods: Based on the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), 210 persons of the first-degree relatives of type II diabetic patients were divided into two groups: normal (154 persons) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) plus diabetic (56 persons). A 3-day food recall questionnaire was completed by skilled nutritionists for every subject. Carbohydrate, fat, protein and fiber contents of the participants diet were measured and the results were compared between the two groups. Results: The mean age of the impaired group was 48.9±5.2, and of the normal group was 43.6±6.7 years. The body mass index was 29.3±0.7 in the impaired group and 28.7±0.8 kg/m2 in the normal group. No significant differences were observed in energy, fat, carbohydrate, protein and fiber intake between the two groups. The intake of vegetable oil was significantly lower in the impaired group (P<0.01). Conclusion: The non-significant differences observed in macronutrient intake and body mass index between the two groups suggest that the probable role of diet in the development of diabetes can be attributed to its effect on body weight. Further cohort studies should be performed to obtain more precise results concerning the role of macronutrients in the development of diabetes.
Keywords: Carbohydrate, Diabetes, Fat, Macronutrient, Protein.
Full-Text [PDF 225 kb]   (1275 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2011/06/2

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Volume 7, Issue 1 (spring 2005) Back to browse issues page