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:: Volume 13, Issue 6 (Feb,Mar 2012) ::
J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci 2012, 13(6): 8-18 Back to browse issues page
Seroprevalence and some of risk factors affecting Toxoplasma infection in Chaharmahal va Bakhtiyari province, Iran
Kurosh Manouchehri naeini * , Seifollah Mortazaei , Nozhat Zebardast , Solaiman Kheiri
shahrekord university of medical sciences , k_manouchehri@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (11117 Views)
Background and aim: Toxoplasma gondii is one of the most common causes of latent infection in humans. However, the prevalence and incidence rates of the infection and factors affecting it vary from place to place. The aim of present study was to investigate seroprevalence and some of factors affecting Toxoplasma infection in Chaharmahal va Bakhtiyari province-Iran. Methods: In this descriptive analytical study based on the population age gender pyramid, 990 serum samples were collected by quota sampling from the individuals referred to clinical laboratories of the province. Then samples were examined for anti-Toxoplasma IgG antibodies using an enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay method. Demographic information was also collected using a questionnaire and data were analyzed using Chi-square and independent t-tests as well as the logistic regression. Results: The individuals aged between 1-85 years (Mean age 27.89±18.23 yr.). Anti-Toxoplasma IgG antibodies were found in 339 samples (34.2%). There was a significant correlation between the age, living style, residence, job, and education level of the participants and seroprevalence of Anti-Toxoplasma antibodies (IgG) (P<0.05). The logistic regression model also showed a significant relationship between age and residence of the participants and Toxoplasma seropositivity (P<0.05). Conclusion: The study indicated that one third of the population was exposed to Toxoplasma and yet the vast majority of them are susceptible to Toxoplasma infection in future. Therefore, the health staffs should be aware of Toxoplasma seroprevalence and potential risk factors of infection in different areas of the region. Health educational programs are needed to improve the knowledge of population about Toxoplasma transmission routes and the standard preventive measures.
Keywords: Toxoplasma infection, ELISA, Immunoglobulin G, Risk factors
Full-Text [PDF 248 kb]   (2711 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: parasitology
Received: 2011/07/4 | Accepted: 2017/09/2 | Published: 2017/09/2
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manouchehri naeini K, mortazaei S, zebardast N, kheiri S. Seroprevalence and some of risk factors affecting Toxoplasma infection in Chaharmahal va Bakhtiyari province, Iran. J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci. 2012; 13 (6) :8-18
URL: http://journal.skums.ac.ir/article-1-702-en.html


Volume 13, Issue 6 (Feb,Mar 2012) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهرکرد Journal of Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences
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