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:: Volume 11, Issue 1 (spring 2009) ::
J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci 2009, 11(1): 16-21 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of cardiac arrhythmia prevalence in smoking and non smoking myocardial infarction patients admitted in Hajar University hospital, Shahrekord, 2006
Seyed Ali Hasheminia , Shahreyar Salehi tali * , Arsalan Khaledifar
Lecturer, Nursing Dept & Cellolar and Moulcolar Research Center, Shahrekord Univ. of Med. Sci , sh_salehitali@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (15046 Views)
Background and aim: Smoking is one of the main reversible risk factors for coronary artery disease. Incidence of arrhythmia induced by myocardial infarction is the most important reason for death in these patients. Mortality rate in smoking myocardial infarction patients is grater than non smoking patients, but the aim of this study was to compare the incidence of arrhythmias between smoking and non smoking myocardial infarction patients. Methods: In this case and control descriptive analytic study, 200 myocardial infarction patients (100 smoking & 100 non-smoking patients) who were referred to cardiac care unite in Hajar university hospital were selected. Data were collected using questionnaires, filing the form of physiological variables, laboratory findings and finally types of arrhythmias and myocardial infarctions. Data were analyzed by the independent-t test and the Fishers exact test. Results: The average age in smoking patients was 54.23±8.12 and it was 55.23±8.11 in non-smoking patients. Type of myocardial infarctions in 70.5% of the cases was anterior myocardial infarction and the rest was inferior myocardial infarction. Our study showed that the type of arrhythmia in smoking group was different than non-smoking group. Sinus tachycardia, Atrial Flutter, preventricular heart beat, ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation were higher in smoking group compared to the non-smoking group (P<0.05) Conclusion: According to this study, the incidence of arrhythmia in smoking patients with myocardial infarction is greater than non-smoking patients. Therefore, more attention should be focused on smoking patients with myocardial infarction for arrhythmia.
Keywords: Cardiac arrhythmia, Myocardial infarction, Smoking
Full-Text [PDF 140 kb]   (1292 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2011/06/2
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Hasheminia S A, Salehi tali S, Khaledifar A. Comparison of cardiac arrhythmia prevalence in smoking and non smoking myocardial infarction patients admitted in Hajar University hospital, Shahrekord, 2006. J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci. 2009; 11 (1) :16-21
URL: http://journal.skums.ac.ir/article-1-258-en.html


Volume 11, Issue 1 (spring 2009) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهرکرد Journal of Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences
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