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:: Volume 10, Issue 1 (spring 2008) ::
J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci 2008, 10(1): 78-88 Back to browse issues page
Situation of hydatid cyst infection during last two decades (1985-2005) in Iran (Review of articles).
Hosin Yousofi
, ، E-maile: H_yousofi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (7088 Views)
Background and aim: Hydatid cyst has been studied in different aspects during last two decades in Iran and reported from the most areas of the country. However national prevalence of infection is not well documented. Therefore, in this paper different articles about epidemiology of hydatid cyst have been reviewed from 1985 to 2005 to present roughly the current national situation of the disease. Methods: In this review article, different reports about epidemiology of hydatid cyst have been reviewed from 1985 to 2005. Based on infection of dog, livestock and human with this parasite, the epidemiological data about hydatid cyst were gathered and the distribution of this parasite in Iran was presented. Results: According to the published papers mean infection rate in 7582 examined dogs for Echinococcus granulosus was 32.7%. In livestock host the mean infection rate in 205161 sheep, 116840 goat, 54745 cattle, 1027 camel and 250 buffalo was 19%, 11.5%, 17.8%, 34.6% and 18.2% respectively. In man 46 case reports about presence of hydatid cyst in different organs have been published. Also, 2052 surgical operations during the last two decades have been conducted which indicate infection rate equal to 4.8 operations per 100000 populations per year. Furthermore, several seroepidemiological studies were performed in different parts of country and the mean seroepidemiological rate was 4.42%. Conclusion: In the last two decades prevention programs were conducted to control the disease with collaboration of health system and veterinary system in Iran. However data resulted from this review article imply on relatively high prevalence of infection. The religious custom of sacrifice should be considered in control program.
Keywords: Iran, Hydatid cyst, Parasitic distribution
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Type of Study: Review article |
Received: 2011/06/2
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Yousofi H. Situation of hydatid cyst infection during last two decades (1985-2005) in Iran (Review of articles).. J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci. 2008; 10 (1) :78-88
URL: http://journal.skums.ac.ir/article-1-161-en.html


Volume 10, Issue 1 (spring 2008) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهرکرد Journal of Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences
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