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:: Volume 16, Issue 1 (Apr, May 2014) ::
J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci 2014, 16(1): 31-46 Back to browse issues page
Application of rapid environmental impacts assessment matrix and Iranian matrix in environmental impact assessment of solid waste landfill of Shahrekord
Mahdi Gholamalifard * , Mohsen Mirzaei , Masoud Hatamimanesh , Alireza Riyahi Bakhtiari , Mehraban Sadeghi
, gholamalifard@gmail.com
Abstract:   (9108 Views)
Background and aims: One of the most important environmental problems is excessive production and management of municipal solid waste materials. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is considered as an important strategy to minimize negative impacts. The aim of this study was the use of the EIA process to minimize environmental impacts of Shahrekord landfill and to provide appropriate options for managers and planners. Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was performed to assess environmental impacts of Shahrekord solid waste landfill using two methods, Rapid Impact Assessment Matrix (RIAM) and Iranian Matrix based on field observation and data collection. Comparing was included four existing options including: continue the current landfill practices, upgrade landfill, construct a new sanitary landfill and compost and recycle plant. Results: The score of continuing current practices at RIAM and the Iranian Matrix was -1443 and -3.9, respectively. Composting and recycling plant has -816 score in the RIAM and 1 in Iranian matrix. Moreover, the results of two methods were displayed different in priority for upgrade landfill and construction a new landfill. Conclusion: Based on both methods to continue landfill with current practices is accompanied by severe damage in terms of environmental and health position. Composting and recycling plant is the first priority for Shahrekord.
Keywords: Environmental impacts, Solid waste landfill, Shahrekord
Full-Text [PDF 435 kb]   (6498 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: environmental health
Received: 2013/02/21 | Accepted: 2014/03/12 | Published: 2014/03/12
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Gholamalifard M, Mirzaei M, Hatamimanesh M, Riyahi Bakhtiari A, Sadeghi M. Application of rapid environmental impacts assessment matrix and Iranian matrix in environmental impact assessment of solid waste landfill of Shahrekord . J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci. 2014; 16 (1) :31-46
URL: http://journal.skums.ac.ir/article-1-1440-en.html


Volume 16, Issue 1 (Apr, May 2014) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهرکرد Journal of Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences
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