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:: Volume 15, Issue 6 (Feb, March 2014) ::
J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci 2014, 15(6): 87-99 Back to browse issues page
Hormonal adaptations to endurance training versus resistance training in postmenopause obese women: a randomized clinical trial
Rahman Soori Dr * , Nikoo Khosravi Dr, Hamide Montazery taleghani Mrs
Sports and Exercise Physiology Dept.,Tehran University, Tehran, I.R. Iran , Suri@ut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (8555 Views)
Background and aims: Leptin and adiponectin, as tissue-derived adipocytokines, play a substantial role in the pathogenesis and complications of obesity. This study examined the effects of resistance and endurance training on serum levels leptin and adiponectin and insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) in sedentary postmenopausal obese women. Methods: This study was a randomized clinical trial applied semi experimental design. Participants included 24 sedentary menopausal obese (BMI≥30.53 Kg/m2) women (mean age 52.25±3 years old) randomly assigned to endurance and resistance training and control groups, studied before and after 10 weeks of resistance (40-60% of one-repetition maximum) and swimming endurance training (40-60% of maximal heart rate), 3 days a week. Leptin and adiponectin levels, HOMA-IR and anthropometric measurements were assessed before and after training. Statistical analysis was done by paired ANOVA and Pearson correlation and P value <0.05 was considered as significant. Results: Endurance training resulted in significant decreases in leptin levels (P=0.012, 10.44%), HOMA-IR (P=0.002, 25.44%) and the entire anthropometric indices meliorism and a significant increases in adiponectin levels (P=0.015, 45.61%). However, none of blood factors and anthropometric indices changed in resistance training group (P>0.05). According to Pearson correlation changes in adiponectin levels had significant correlations with changes in waist hip ratio (P=0.023) and waist circumference (P=0.026) in endurance training group and there were also a significant correlation between changes in HOMA-IR value and adiponectin levels (P=0.004) following resistance training. Conclusion: Endurance training versus resistance training modulates leptin and adiponectin concentrations and metabolic profile in sedentary postmenopausal obese women.
Keywords: Adiponectin, Leptin, Obesity, Postmenopause, Resistance Training.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Sport Physiology
Received: 2012/07/10 | Accepted: 2013/05/29 | Published: 2013/11/17
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Soori R, Khosravi N, Montazery taleghani H. Hormonal adaptations to endurance training versus resistance training in postmenopause obese women: a randomized clinical trial. J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci. 2014; 15 (6) :87-99
URL: http://journal.skums.ac.ir/article-1-1171-en.html

Volume 15, Issue 6 (Feb, March 2014) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهرکرد Journal of Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences
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