Sport Science Research Institute, Tehran, I.R. Iran , email@example.com
Abstract: (1884 Views)
Background and aims: The aim of the current research was to investigate the effect of age and body mass index on performance quality of motor skills among children with 3-5 years-old in Tehran. Methods: A total of 400 children between the ages of 3-5 years-old were selected through multi-stage cluster random sampling from Tehran city. Motor skills were assessed with using the OSU-SIGMA qualitative scale. Height without shoes in standing position and weight using digital scales and Body mass index was calculated by dividing the weight by height squared. Results: The results indicated that the age variable had a significant effect on performance quality of walking, running, stair climbing, catching and throwing skills, but BMI had not a significant effect. Also, age and BMI variables had significant effects on performance quality of jumping, running hoping, licking, kicking by hand, kicking by foot and climbing of ladder skills (P<0.05). In both ages, boys in all skills displayed better performance than girls (exept for skipping and hopping skills) (P<0.05). Moreover, both overweight and obese children had lower performance than normal children. Conclusion: Based on the results of present study, the necessity for existence of educational programs in the field of physical activities and the prevalence of obesity and overweight in children is suggested.
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